1. Select thread. Avoid cheap thread, which tends to break and get caught in the machine. Brands such as Gutermann are ideal.
2. Remove bottom piece if using a small spool, in order to fit on spool holder (hole has to be large enough to fit on spool holder.)
Ignore if the spool hole opening is large enough to fit on spool holder
3. Place thread on spool holder.
4. Loop end of thread under and out of hole, following path of the dashed arrows.
5. Zoom-in of thread placement. Thread loops under through hole and out in direction of dashed arrow.
6. Pass thread through top hole, back to front like dashed arrow. Ignore the bottom hole.
7. Pass thread back to front through hole in metal piece, as shown by dashed arrow.
8. Loop thread as indicated in photograph and dashed arrow.
9. Loop thread into tension dial. Make sure the thread is fully secured between both plates as indicated by dashed arrow.
10. Loop thread clockwise into tension dial. Make sure thread comes out of small metal flap (1), then pull out and loop through thin metal hook on the left. Then loop right to left in next hole. as indicated in photographand dashed arrow.
11. Front view of threading trajectory.
10. Bring thread through small hole on top of needle, yellow arrow points to the hole.
Then thread the needle through eye,left to right. Blue arrow points to eye.If you thread it right to left, the thread can get jammed!
Hold with tail end of thread coming off from left side, clockwise.
*most bobbins for other machines start off with the bobbin reversed, thread coming off counterclockwise. This machine is different!*
2. Insert bobbin into bobbin case
Keep the same orientation of the bobbin, with tail end of thread coming out clockwise
3. Move thread through slot where arrows are pointing to begin securing bobbin inside of case.
4. Continue pulling thread through first slot, under metal plate, then into final slot as indicated by the arrows and the dashed line trajectory. Once you reach final slot, you should hear the thread *click* into place.
5. Detail of thread trajectory. Note how thread is coming out of final slot!
6. Take threaded bobbin case and pull metal lever up with hinge on the right, pulling it off left side as pictured. Note the metal tail in bobbin case (important!)
7. Insert loaded bobbin into machine, still holding the lever up.
If you let go of lever whilst inserting the bobbin case, it will not latch inside of machine correctly.
The bobbin will be correctly placed once the metal tail of the bobbin case enters the machine’s slot for it.
8. Once the loaded bobbin *clicks* into place and the metal tail is in its slot, let go of lever, making sure that the bobbin is securely fastened.
3. Continue passing thread through top hole in metal post as shown by the arrows.
4. Wrap the thread through bobbin tensioner, placing the thread between the metal plates, following arrow path, clockwise wrapping around and then passing through and out of metal coil at the end. This is important, if you do not pass through the metal coil as shown by arrows, the bobbin will not wind correctly and will be loosely wound.
5. Fully threaded path for winding the bobbin.
6. Run the thread under and up through a hole in top of the bobbin. Then place the bobbin securely on the bobbin post. Bobbin post will be on the left as shown in this picture, which is standard for running stitch.
7. Push the bobbin post to the right in order to wind the bobbin. Hold on to the tail end of the thread upwards before beginning to wind. Press the pedal, and begin winding the bobbin! When finished, push the bobbin post back to the left, and lift bobbin off the post, and cut the thread.
Zig zag stitch (with stitch adjustment lever placed at 1-5): Keep at "C"
Straight stitch (lever at 0): needle can be moved left to right.
DO NOT change the needle position when the needle is in the fabric, the needle may bend or break!
Straight stitch: 0
Zig Zag stitch: 1-5. "1" produces 1mm stitch, and so on.
DO NOT change the position of the stitch width lever when the needle is in the fabric or the needle may bend
Stitch length: to set the stitch length, loosen the two thumb screws, and slide the posts up or down according to the length you want (looking at the measurements on the left!), and tighten the screws to desired stitch length.
The top screw sets the stitch length when you sew forwards.
The bottom screw sets the stitch length when you sew backwards (aka when you are backtacking to secure the ends of your stitch.)
Backtack: Pull down backtack lever, which is spring loaded to always rest against the upper stop
When turning corners in fabric (aka if you are sewing in a square shape) and want to change the direction, angle of your stitch..
Make sure the needle is all the way down into the fabric. You can double check this by turning the right wheel towards you until the needle is at its lowest point.
Then lift the presser foot and move the fabric to desired orientation. The needle acts as a central axis from which you can change the orientation.
Then drop the presser foot back down and continue sewing.
If you try and change the direction by not putting the needle down into the fabric and lifting the presser foot, this can cause a skipped stitch or break the needle.
Sewing in reverse (aka backtacking)
Most of the time when you sew, you will be backtacking your stitch, aka when you start sewing, pull the backtack lever down to go back over your first stitches to secure the beginning of the thread. Then you repeat for the end of the thread.
Exceptions to this convention are when you are doing things such as ruching/gathering fabric when you want the fabric to glide on the stitch and not be secured onto each end.
The needles has two sides
Needle must be placed as shown in picture, with carved out area of needle facing the right.
2. To make sure the needle is inserted far enough, you can look through the sighting hole. Top of needle should be fully visible in the sighting hole and pushed all the way to the top.
Presser foot is up. Bring it up to place your fabric under the presser foot, to remove fabric from under the foot.
Presser foot is down. Must be down to sew!