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Library Cloud is a metadata service that provides open, programmatic access to the metadata available within the Harvard Library ecosystem. It normalizes metadata so that it can be found across silos, and enriches it with connections to information within the Library’s collection and beyond. 

LibraryCloud offers item and collection APIs that provide search access to Harvard collections metadata:

  • The item API searches over 20 million aggregated metadata records sourced from Harvard Library's main catalog (Alma), JSTOR Forum (for visual information components), and ArchivesSpace (for archival finding aid components). When digitized content is available, these metadata records are enriched with information from Harvard Library's digital repository (DRS). 
  • The collection API provides access to metadata about groupings or sets of these items created for administrative and discovery purposes by Harvard staff.

 

Need help? If you have questions or need to report a problem when using LibraryCloud APIs, please contact LTS Support

About the Collections API

The base URI for the collections API is http://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/collections. Use this API to: 

Note: The Items API supports querying full item records by associated set metadata. For example, the following items API queries use set metadata to return items in the English Crime and Execution Broadsides set:

About the Items API

The base URI for items is https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items

Keyword Query

The simplest query to the API includes only a search term:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=peanuts 
The response will include all items where any field contains the text “peanuts”.

Multiple terms may be used in a simple query:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=Schulz peanuts
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=Schulz+peanuts
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=Schulz AND peanuts 
All the above queries will return items where any field contains the text “Schulz” AND “peanuts”.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=Schulz OR peanuts
The response will include all items where any field contains the text “Schulz” OR “peanuts.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=Schulz NOT peanuts
The response will include all items where any field contains the text "Schulz" but NOT "peanuts".

Multiple terms can be combined with Boolean operators and parentheses in a complex query:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=(ethic*+OR+moral*)+AND+(bioengineering+OR+cloning)

Query Response

The response to any query contains the total number of matching records, the number of records included within this response, the page number of this response, and the matching records. 

Sample XML response:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=peanuts

Sample JSON response: 
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items.json?q=peanuts 

Searching by Field

See the Field Reference for a list of field-based queries.

A query can be limited to a particular field:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=peanuts
This query returns all items with the text “peanuts” in the title field.

Field-based queries support combining or excluding terms with AND, OR, NOT:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject=schulz charles
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject=schulz+charles
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject=schulz AND charles
All the above queries will return items where any subject field contains the text “schulz” AND “charles”.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=archaeology OR archeology
This query returns all items containing the text "archaeology" OR archeology in a title field.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=updike NOT john 
This query returns all items where any name field contains the text "updike" but NOT "john".

Multiple queries can be combined:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=peanuts&q=snack
This query returns all items with the text “peanuts” in a title field and “snack” anywhere in the record.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=peanuts&name=Schulz
This query returns all items with the text “peanuts” in the title field and “Schulz” in the name field.

Case-sensitive exact-match queries can be done on specific fields by appending _exact to the field name:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title_exact=Peanuts
This query returns all items with a title of exactly “Peanuts”. In the Field Reference list, the "Exact Match Search" column indicates if a field supports an exact match query. Note that an exact query can match on contents of a single MODS field only. In the conversion to LibraryCloud MODS, a single field may be split up – for example, a MARC subject heading and its subdivisions will each be fielded separately. In this case, there isn't an item API fielded query that will return only matches on the full subject heading and its subdivisions. 

Accented Characters and Punctuation

If your query terms contain accented characters, include these in the search:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=Saint-Exupéry, Antoine de
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=Molière

If your query includes an ampersand, the ampersand must be replaced by the URL-encoded equivalent (%26). For example, to search the title Saxo Grammaticus & the life of Hamlet:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title_exact=Saxo+Grammaticus+%26+the+life+of+Hamlet 

At this time, LibraryCloud queries can be sensitive to the presence of punctuation. Some MODS fields (e.g. Genre) include supplied punctuation (e.g., a terminal period or comma) that must be included in the query or it will fail. 

Stemming, Stopwords and Wildcards

LibraryCloud uses standard Solr index stemming and stopword lists. The stemming algorithm is based on the Porter stemming algorithm.

Keywords may be wild-carded with an asterisk:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=peanut*
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=p*nut

Pagination

By default, a query response will include the first 10 records available. You can increase the number of records returned (up to a max of 250) by using the optional limit parameter. For example, the following query will return the first set of 50 matching records:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=peanuts&limit=50

You can combine limit with either the start or cursor parameters to paginate an entire result set. Do not combine start and cursor parameters in a single query.

ParameterDescription
limitThe number of results to return. Omit limit and the default is 10 records. May be between 0 and 250.
start

The row number to start returning results from. If omitted, will default to 1.

cursorEncoded pointer to a specific record in the search results set. On subsequent requests, the server returns results after the given pointer.

Paginating with Start

Use the start parameter to set a numerical offset at which the next page will start and add the limit parameter to set the number of results per page. (Omit the limit parameter and the api will return 10 records per page by default.) For example, the following query will return results starting at item 100, with a page size of 50 (e.g., records 100 through 149): 
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=peanuts&start=100&limit=50

Query results will include this top-level <pagination> block: 

<pagination>
<maxPageableSet>100000</maxPageableSet>
<numFound>768</numFound>
<query>start=100&limit=50&title=peanuts</query>
<limit>50</limit>
<start>100</start>
</pagination>

As the <maxPageableSet> element indicates, for performance reasons this api can paginate result sets up to a maximum size of 100,000 records. Beyond this number, you'll need to adjust the query to reduce results to a size that can be paginated. 

Pros: Pagination using the start parameter supports the default sort by relevancy or alphanumeric sort (when available). 

Cons: Pagination using the start parameter does not scale well with larger result sets. For example, queries using start can time out at around 30,000 record hits.

Paginating with Cursor

A cursor is a pointer to a specific record in a result set. (In this case, the cursor is an encoded version of a record identifier.) The api uses the cursor to divide a list of results into records that fall before the cursor and records that fall after the cursor. In your initial query, include the parameter cursor=* (along with a limit parameter to define number of results per page) and the api will return the first page of results plus a <nextCursor> value. For example, the following query will return the first 50 records that match the query along with a nextCursor value that can be used as the cursor value in the next request: 
https://api-qa.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=peanuts&cursor=*&limit=50

Query results will include this top-level <pagination> block: 

<pagination>
<maxPageableSet>100000</maxPageableSet>
<nextCursor>AoEyOTkwMDM3NTk4NzAwMjAzOTQx</nextCursor>
<numFound>769</numFound>
<query>cursor=*&limit=50&title=peanuts</query>
<limit>50</limit>
<start>0</start>
</pagination>

To get the next set of results, the client (web browser or application) would make another query that uses the <nextCursor> value as cursor parameter. For example, the following query will return the next 50 matching records:
https://api-qa.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=peanuts&cursor=AoEyOTkwMDM3NTk4NzAwMjAzOTQx&limit=50

The <pagination> block in the next set of query results will include a new <nextCursor> value that can be used in the subsequent query, and so on.

Pros:  Pagination using the cursor parameter works well with large result sets but note that the api can paginate result sets up to a maximum size of 100,000 records. Beyond this number, you'll need to adjust the query to reduce results to a size that can be paginated.  

Cons: Pagination using the cursor parameter currently returns results in alphanumeric order by record identifier. Support for sort by relevancy is planned for the future. Also, at this time the api will return a <nextCursor> value even if there are no more results to return. 

Sorting

By default, query responses are sorted by relevancy and sub-sorted by record identifier. In some cases, query responses can be sorted in ascending or descending alphanumeric order. See the "Alpha Sort" column in the Field Reference for an indication of which fields support alphanumeric sorting. 

This query returns results sorted in ascending order by source of item:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=university AND choir&sort=source

This query returns results sorted in descending order by recordIdentifier of item:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=peanuts&sort.desc=recordIdentifier

ParameterDescription
sort.asc OR sort

The field to use for sorting, in ascending order

sort.descThe field to use for sorting, in descending order


Facets

Facets are attributes of an item (name, genre, type of resource, language, date, etc.) that can be used to power a faceted search or browse option in a discovery system. The items API supports a facets parameter that will return a list of facet values present in the query results. Many item API fields are available for faceting – see the Field Reference "Can Facet" column for an indication of which fields can be faceted.

For example, this query will return items that contain "peanuts" in a title followed by a list of facet values (and counts) for the “name” and “resourceType” fields that are present in the query results:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items.json?title=peanuts&facets=name,resourceType

ParameterDescription
facets

A comma-separated list of facets to return

facet_sizeThe maximum number of facets to be returned for each faceted field. Default is 10. May be between 1 and 100.

Response Format

By default, all responses are in MODS format. Dublin Core (DC) can be requested by adding .dc to the base URI
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items.dc?title=peanuts

Response Serialization

By default, all responses are returned as XML. Responses can be returned as JSON either by adding “.json” to the base URI, or by setting the “Accept” HTTP header in the request to “application/json”. When specifying both the response format and serialization, the format should be added first.
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items.json?title=peanuts
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items.dc.json?title=peanuts

Cross-Domain Queries

The API sets the necessary CORS header to allow cross-domain requests in supported browsers. Cross-domain queries can also use JSONP by specifying a callback function name in a “callback” parameter.
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items.json?title=peanuts&callback=myfunction

ParameterDescription
callback

Javascript function name. The response data will enclosed in a javascript function call with this name.

 

API Versioning

The version number of the API is specified in the base URL (e.g. “v2”). A version number is always required when accessing the API. The version number will be incremented whenever breaking (non backwards-compatible) changes are made to the API.

Field Reference

This section describes the fields available for searching through the API. In some cases, fields available through the API aggregate multiple fields within the MODS records. When applicable, this is identified in the MODS field mapping column.

NameExact Match SearchAlpha SortCan FacetMODS Field MappingExamples/Notes

abstractTOC

No

No

No

abstract
tableOfContents

This query returns items with the keyword "justinian" in an abstract or table of contents field:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?abstractTOC=Justinian

classification

Yes

No

Yes

classification

Physical organization code. Includes bibliographic-level classification but not holdings. See shelfLocator for holdings-level classification.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?classification=F1435.3

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?classification_exact=PR2825.A2 I8

collectionId

YesNoYes

extension.sets.systemId

Query by the set/collection ID assigned to items that have been grouped together for delivery via Harvard Digital Collections.

This query returns items associated with a specific set by its identifier:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?collectionId=84560

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?collectionId_exact=84560

collectionTitle

 

YesNoYes

extension.sets.setName
extension.sets.setSpec

Query by the set/collection title assigned to items that have been grouped together for delivery via Harvard Digital Collections.

This query returns items associated with a specific set by set title:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?collectionTitle=Chinese Rare Books

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?collectionTitle_exact=Chinese Rare Books

copyrightDate

Yes

No

Yes

originInfo.copyrightDate

Use YYYY format to search.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?copyrightDate=2010

dateCaptured

Yes

No

Yes

originInfo.dateCaptured

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?dateCaptured=2016&genre=performed+music

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?dateCaptured_exact=201502--

dateCreated

Yes

No

Yes

originInfo.dateCreated

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=daguerreotypes&dateCreated=1806

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?dateCreated_exact=late 18th-early 19th century

dateIssued

Yes

No

Yes

originInfo.dateIssued

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=asimov isaac&dateIssued=1961

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=asimov isaac&dateIssued_exact=[1961]

dateRange (future)     
dates.startNoNoNo

originInfo.dateIssued
originInfo.dateCreated

Use YYYY format to search.

This query returns all works by Molière published from 1990 forward:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=Molière&dates.start=1990

This query returns all works by Molière published from 1990 backward:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=Molière&dates.end=1990

This query returns all works by Molière published from 1990 to 2000:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=Molière&dates.start=1990&dates.end=2000

dates.end

edition

Yes

No

Yes

originInfo.edition

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=Molière&edition=7th. ed.

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=wordsworth&edition_exact=[1st ed.]

genre

Yes

No

Yes

genre

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=fish+watercolor&genre=Drawings

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?genre_exact=pendants (jewelry)

identifier

 

Yes

No

No

identifier

(Identifier of an item in another system)

This query returns an item by it's ISBN:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?identifier=9789601426440

isCollection

 

Yes

No

Yes

typeOfResource (where collection="yes")

Values are “true” or “false”.

Indicates whether or not a record describes a collection of items.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=colonial+north+america&isCollection=true 

isManuscript

 

Yes

No

Yes

typeOfResource (where manuscript="yes")

Values are “true” or “false”.

Indicates whether or not a record describes manuscript or archival material.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=colonial+north+america&isManuscript=true

isOnline

 

No

Yes†

Yes

"true" if location.url[@access = 'raw object'] exists, "false" otherwise

Indicates whether or not an item is available in digital form; values are "true" or "false". See also inDRS.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=earhart amelia&isOnline=true

†Will sort all @access=raw object items together in a result set.

issuance

Yes

No

Yes

originInfo.issuance

This query returns items with subject "astronomy" issued as a serial:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject=astronomy&issuance=serial

languageCode

Yes

No

Yes

language.languageTerm (where languageTerm type="code")

Search is based on language ISO code.

This query returns items of Shakespeare in Chinese:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=shakespeare&languageCode=chi

languageText

Yes

No

Yes

language.languageTerm (where languageTerm type="text")

Facet as "language" rather than "languageText".

For exact match, use "language_exact".

Search is based on language name text.

This query returns items by or about Laozi in Chinese:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=laozi&languageText=Chinese

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=laozi&language_exact=Chinese

name

Not available 

No

Yes

name.namePart

e.g. "Greenblatt, Stephen"

Will find term in any name field:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=shakespeare

originDate

Yes

No

Yes

originInfo.dateIssued
originInfo.dateCreated
originInfo.dateCaptured
originInfo.copyrightDate
originInfo.dateOther

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=asimov+isaac&originDate=1961

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=asimov+isaac&originDate_exact=[1961]

originPlace

Yes

No

Yes

originInfo.place.placeTerm

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=colonial+north+america&originPlace=Boston

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?originPlace_exact=New-England

physicalDescription


 

 

No

No

physicalDescription.form
physicalDescription.note

This query returns items in print form with "peanut" in the title:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=peanut&physicalDescription=print

physicalLocation

 

No

No

Yes

location.physicalLocation

Includes Harvard repository names but also non-Harvard locations, especially for artworks.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?physicalLocation=tozzer&subject=cylinder seals

publisher

Yes

No

Yes

originInfo.publisher

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=shakespeare&publisher=Arden

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=shakespeare&publisher_exact=Arden Shakespeare

recordIdentifier

Yes

No

No

recordInfo.recordIdentifier at the top level only

priorrecordids.recordIdentifier

e.g. recordIdentifier=sch00443c00117  (for finding aids), recordIdentifier=S26791_olvsurrogate827653 (for images), recordIdentifier=012956251 (for Aleph)

Internal recordInfo.recordIdentifier elements in finding aid components and image records can be searched as keywords.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?recordIdentifier=990148733450203941 (for Alma)

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?recordIdentifier=014873345 (for Aleph)

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?recordIdentifier=sch00227c00197 (for finding aids)

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?recordIdentifier=W42143_urn-3:FHCL:1176307 (for images)

Use a keyword query to retrieve items based on record ID in finding aid components and image records:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=olvsurrogate717044


repository

 

Yes

No

Yes

Search: location.physicalLocation (where @type="repository")

Facet: extension.librarycloud.HarvardRepositories.HarvardRepository

Includes Harvard repositories only.

A search will query the long form repository name (e.g.Eda Kuhn Loeb Music Library); faceting will return the short form repository name (e.g. Loeb Music).

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=peanuts&repository=Oakes Ames

resourceType

(4/11/19: not working correctly)

Yes

No

Yes

typeOfResource

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=shakespeare&resourceType=three dimensional object

role

Yes

No

Yes

name.namePart.role.roleTerm

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?name=shakespeare&role=publisher

seriesTitleYesNoYes

In relatedItem[@type='series']:

titleInfo.title
titleInfo.subtitle
titleInfo.partName
titleInfo.partNumber

facet as "relatedItem" rather than "seriesTitle"

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?seriesTitle=Harvard-Yenching Institute Monograph Series

shelfLocator

Yes

No

Yes

location.shelfLocator

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=peanuts&shelfLocator=Film Mas

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=peanuts&shelfLocator_exact=Film%20Mas%2025860

source

No

Yes

Yes

recordInfo.recordIdentifier source attribute

Sources are currently MH:ALMA (from Alma), MH:VIA (image items from JSTOR forum), or MH:OASIS (finding aid components from ArchivesSpace).

Attribute occurs only on top-level recordInfo.recordIdentifier elements

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=earhart amelia&source=MH:ALMA

subject

Yes

No

Yes

subject.topic
subject.geographic
subject.temporal
subject.titleInfo
subject.name
subject.genre
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.continent
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.country
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.province
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.region
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.state
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.territory
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.county
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.city
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.island
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.area
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.extraterrestrialArea
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.citySection

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject=perseus

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject_exact=cylinder seals

Note: An exact query can match on contents of a single field only. In LibraryCloud MODS, a subject heading and its subdivision(s) are split into separate fields, e.g. the subject heading "Older people -- Services for" appears in the LibCloud MODS record as these fields:

<mods:topic>Older people</mods:topic>
<mods:topic>Services for</mods:topic>

 

subject.genre

Yes

No

Yes

subject.genre

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.genre=folklore

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.genre_exact=Folklore

subject.geographic

Yes

No

Yes

subject.geographic

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.geographic=giza

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.geographic_exact=Giza, Egypt

subject.hierarchicalGeographic

Yes

NoNo

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.continent
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.country
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.province
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.region
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.state
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.territory
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.county
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.city
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.island
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.area
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.extraterrestrialArea
subject.hierarchicalGeographic.citySection

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.hierarchicalGeographic=Boston

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.area

Yes

No

Yes

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.area

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.hierarchicalGeographic.area=galicia

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.city

Yes

No

Yes

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.city

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.hierarchicalGeographic.city=Cochituate&q=maps

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.citySection

Yes

No

Yes

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.citySection

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.hierarchicalGeographic.citySection=charlestown

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.continent

Yes

No

Yes

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.continent

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.hierarchicalGeographic.continent=africa

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.country

Yes

No

Yes

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.country

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.hierarchicalGeographic.country=canada

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.county

Yes

No

Yes

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.county

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.hierarchicalGeographic.county=middlesex

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.extraterrestrialArea

Yes

No

Yes

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.extraterrestrialArea

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.hierarchicalGeographic.extraterrestrialArea=*

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.island

Yes

No

Yes

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.island

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.hierarchicalGeographic.island=*

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.province

Yes

No

Yes

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.province

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.hierarchicalGeographic.province=quebec

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.region

Yes

No

Yes

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.region

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.hierarchicalGeographic.region=nile

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.state

Yes

No

Yes

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.state

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.hierarchicalGeographic.state=massachusetts&q=maps

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.territory

Yes

No

Yes

subject.hierarchicalGeographic.territory

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.hierarchicalGeographic.territory=*

subject.name

Yes

No

Yes

subject.name
subject.name.namePart

 https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.name=kubrick stanley

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.name=Kubrick, Stanley

subject.name.role

Yes

No

Yes

subject.name.role.roleTerm

Terms may be expressed as a word (photographer.) or abbreviation ("cmp" for composer).

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.name.role=cmp

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.name.role_exact=photographer.

subject.temporal

Yes

No

Yes

subject.temporal

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=samurai&subject.temporal=edo

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=samurai&subject.temporal_exact=Edo period, 1600-1868

subject.titleInfo

Yes

No

Yes

subject.titleInfo.title
subject.titleInfo.subTitle
subject.titleInfo.partNumber
subject.titleInfo.partName

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.titleInfo=Middlemarch

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.titleInfo_exact=Gospel%20of%20Mary

subject.topic

Yes

No

Yes

subject.topic

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.topic=mochica pottery

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject.topic_exact=Mochica pottery

title

Yes

No

No

titleInfo.title
titleInfo.subTitle
titleInfo.partNumber
titleInfo.partName

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=complete motown singles

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title_exact=Labour Party

url

Yes

No

No

location.url

Can be URLs or URNs; includes links to digital content and catalog records.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=earhart amelia&url=*RAD.SCHL*

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=earhart amelia&url_exact=https://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:RAD.SCHL:29639951

url.access

 

Yes

No

Yes

location.url.access (range = <preview, raw object>)

facet as url.access.preview or url.access.raw_object

Query for records containing a url field with a specific @access attribute. Values are:

"preview"= indicates link to image thumbnail
"raw object"= indicates link to full online content
 

This query returns items containing a url with the attribute access="preview" (i.e., an image thumbnail link is present):
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=earhart amelia&url.access=preview 

This query returns items containing a url with the attribute access="raw object" (i.e., a link to full digital content is present):
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=earhart%20amelia&url.access=raw+object

urn

 

NoNoNo

location.url

Queries an item by its NRS URN (the URN only e.g., " urn-3:FHCL:1155043" minus the actionable URL components).

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?urn=urn-3:FHCL:1155043
DRS Extensions
drsObjectId


extension.HarvardDRS.drsObjectId

The database identifier in the DRS for an object.

This query will return an item for the Harvard Book:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?drsObjectId=2573632

This query will return all items in Library Cloud that have a corresponding digital object in the DRS:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?drsObjectId=*

accessFlag (valid if inDRS=true)

 

YesNoYes

extension.HarvardDRS.accessFlag (range = <P, R, N>)

P (publicly accessible), R (restricted to Harvard), N (not available for delivery)

See also: availableTo to query human-readable version of DRS accessFlags.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?genre=daguerreotype&accessFlag=P

contentModel (valid if inDRS=true)

 

YesNoYes

extension.HarvardDRS.contentModel (range = <AUDIO, DOCUMENT, PDS DOCUMENT, PDS DOCUMENT LIST, STILL IMAGE, TEXT, VIDEO>)

Use _exact query to find "DOCUMENT".

See also: digitalFormat to query by human-readable value derived from the contentModel for an object in Harvard's Digital Repository Service (DRS).

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=biodiversity&limit=100&contentModel=PDS DOCUMENT

Use the case-sensitive exact match query to find "DOCUMENT":
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?contentModel_exact=DOCUMENT

contentModelCode
(valid if inDRS=true)



extension.HarvardDRS.contentModelCode

An identifier that uniquely identifies a specific DRS content model. For example, CMID-5.0 identifies the Still Image content model. See the DRS Content Guide for content model names and identifiers.

This query will return all items in Library Cloud that have a corresponding digital object in DRS with content model CMID-5.0 (Still Image):
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?contentModelCode=CMID-5.0

fileDeliveryURL (valid if inDRS=true)

 

YesNoNo

extension.HarvardDRS.fileDeliveryURL, eg. "http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:FHCL.HOUGH:1090399"

Query an item by its full delivery URL.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=annual+report&fileDeliveryURL=https://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HMS.COUNT:22923642
harvardMetadataLinks




inDRS

 

YesNoYes

extension.HarvardDRS.inDRS  (range = <"true", "false">)

Query for items in Harvard Library's digital repository service. See also isOnline.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?genre=daguerreotype&inDRS=true
insertionDate




lastModifiedDate




maxImageDeliveryDimension (future)FutureNoFutureextension.HarvardDRS.maxImageDeliveryDimension - e.g., "600". Value is in pixels. 

metsLabel (valid if inDRS=true)

 

YesNoNo

extension.HarvardDRS.metsLabel  eg. Any text string

Query for items by keywords in the descriptive METS label - if defined in DRS metadata.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?metsLabel=seward

Case-sensitive exact match:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?metsLabel_exact=The Italians in Chicago. Washington: G.P.O., 1897.

modified.after (valid if inDRS=true)

 

YesNoNo

extension.HarvardDRS.lastModifiedDate - eg. "2016-05-03

Query items by the "last modified" date of a linked digital object in DRS (in YYYY-MM-DD format).

This query returns items in DRS last modified after 2016-01-05:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=*&modified.after=2016-01-05

This query returns items in DRS last modified before a specific date:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=*&modified.before=2016-01-05

This query returns items in DRS last modified on 2016-01-05:

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=*&modified.after=2016-01-04&modified.before=2016-01-06

modified.before (valid if inDRS=true) NoNo 

This query returns items in DRS last modified prior to 2015-01-01:

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=*&modified.before=2015-01-01

ownerCode (valid if inDRS=true)YesNoYesextension.HarvardDRS.ownerCode, eg. "FHCL.HOUGH"
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=cookbook*&ownerCode=RAD.SCHL
ownerCodeDisplayName (valid if inDRS=true)YesNoYesextension.HarvardDRS.ownerCodeDisplayName, eg. "Houghton Library"
 
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=daguerreotype&ownerCodeDisplayName=Schlesinger
ownerSuppliedName


extension.HarvardDRS.ownerSuppliedName

The distinctive name for the digital item provided by the owning Harvard repository responsible for the content. This is the DRS object owner supplied name (OSN).

This query returns the LibraryCloud item for the Harvard Book by its object owner supplied name: https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?ownerSuppliedName=124783.xml

uriType (valid if inDRS=true)

 

YesNoYes

extension.HarvardDRS.uriType  (range = <FDS, IDS, PDS, PDS_LIST, SDS, SDS_VIDEO>)

Query for items by type of delivery urn, which is a proxy for type of delivery service.

Delivery service types: FDS (text documents), IDS (images), PDS (page-turned objects), PDS_LIST (list of page-turned objects), SDS (streaming audio), (SDS_VIDEO (streaming video)

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject=jazz&uriType=SDS 
viewText


extension.HarvardDRS.viewText (range = <on, off>)

Query items by status of the View Text setting of the object in DRS. View Text is an object-level field that controls the View Text menu option in the PDS user interface.

This query returns items owned by Houghton that have the View Text control set "off":
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?repository=houghton&viewText=off
LibraryCloud Extensions

availableTo

 

 

YesNoYes

extension.librarycloud.availableTo

Human-readable values for access to digital content in Harvard's Digital Repository Service (DRS).

Values are "Everyone" (corresponds to accessFlag=P) and "Harvard only" (corresponds to accessFlag=R).

See also: availableTo to query by DRS accessFlag.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?q=colonialism&availableTo=Everyone

digitalFormat

 

 NoYes

extension.librarycloud.digitalFormats.digitalFormat

Human readable values derived from the contentModel for an object in Harvard's Digital Repository Service (DRS).

Values are audio, books and documents, images, and video.

See also: contentModel to query by the DRS content model of an object in Harvard's Digital Repository Service (DRS).

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?subject=poetry&digitalFormat=audio

processed.after

YesNoNo

extension.librarycloud.processingDate

Use YYYY-MM-DD format to search.

This processing date indicates the most recent re-ingest of a metadata record (an "item") into LibraryCloud from its source catalog.

This query returns items processed after the date specified:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?processed.after=2019-01-01

This query returns items processed before the date specified:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?processed.before=2019-01-02

This query returns items processed between the specified dates:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?processed.after=2018-07-01&processed.before=2019-01-01

processed.before

Sets Extensions
setName NoYes

extension.sets.set.setName

Human-readable names that identify a set of materials selected by, for example, a curator for administrative or discovery purposes or for harvesting via OAI-PMH.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?setName=chinese rare books
setSpec NoYes

extension.sets.set.setSpec

Codes used to identify a set of materials selected by, for example, a curator for administrative or discovery purposes or for harvesting via OAI-PMH.

https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?setSpec=crb

More Query Examples

#Search all of LibraryCloud for “peanuts” in the title:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=peanuts

#Search finding aid components for “peanuts” in the title:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=peanuts&source=MH:OASIS   (can use MH:OASIS, MH:VIA, or MH:ALMA)

#Search for a specific component identifier in a finding aid:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?source=MH:OASIS&recordIdentifier=sch00443c00072

#Search for a specific image component identifier in JSTOR Forum (the identifier actually has the form "<viaRecordId>_<URN>", but the wildcard matches the URN portion if not known:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?recordIdentifier=W188002*

#Search for all components in an OASIS record:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?recordIdentifier=sch00443*

#Look up the MODS for a PDS object given its URN:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?urn=urn-3:FHCL.HOUGH:25620083

#Search all of library cloud for VIA records that are public and have “peanuts” in the title:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?title=peanuts&source=MH:VIA&accessFlag=P

#Get the facet counts for collections with various collection titles:
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?facets=collectionTitle

#Get all manuscripts from Schlesinger Library that contain either the string "electronic finding aid available" OR "electronic container list available":
https://api.lib.harvard.edu/v2/items?physicalLocation=sch&isManuscript=true&q=(electronic finding aid available) OR (electronic container list available)

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